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There are two main techniques termites may come to infest your house (assuming they werent already there in the first place); from air and through the ground.
A drywood termite infestation typically occurs when an existing colony sends out flying termite swarmers. Once these swarmers find a wooden crevice in your home, they lose their wings, carve out a little nest, and begin laying eggs to initiate a brand new termite colony.
On the other hand, subterranean termites, whose colonies are underground, may enter your home through its foundations. Because these termites forage for food, they may stumble upon a rich new food supply your house. Subterranean termites commonly build mud tunnels over foundation walls to get the wooden parts of the construction.
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Note: While there are different species of termites, these are the two most common species responsible for most of the harm to individuals homes.
Because of this, it's very important that you learn to spot the signs of a termite infestation. Keep a watch out for the following:
If you see a swarm of winged termites near or around your home, thats a sure sign that a termite colony is nearby. Similar to winged ants, these winged termites are likely to swarm around a light source. Additionally they look rather similar,And the layperson will not be able to tell them apart. .
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Termite swarmers dont maintain their wings long. Once they lose their wings, they're in search of places to build new nests.
If you notice small piles of discarded swarmers wings on areas like window sills, or captured in spider webs, there might be a termite colony nearby; or one going to begin.
Mud tubes are little tunnels made by termites to transport meals back to their colony. Source: masseyservices.com
Subterranean termites build mud tubes (occasionally known as guardian or foraging tubes) as links between their food source and their colony. These are produced from soil, debris, and timber, and they help protect the colony against predators and conserve moisture.
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If you've got a subterranean termite infestation, you'll find these tubes at the foundations of your home or in its substructure.
As subterranean termites eat through the wood of your dwelling, they produce termite galleries. These are the empty spaces left in the timber as they float through it. Typically, termite galleries run parallel to the grain of the wood.
Termites will eat your home from the inside out; thats exactly what makes them so insidious. A bit of wood could look perfectly normal on the outside but be absolutely infested with termites on the inside. If you imagine a termite infestation at a certain area, tap or puncture the wood to find out whether its hollow.
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Coupled with different signs of termite infestation, swollen wooden floorboards can mean that there is termite damage underneath them.
Termites like dark and moist locations. Thats the reason why they live just under the surface of the wood and bring in moisture into their termite galleries. This moisture can often cause the wood to swell. In case you have termites in your wooden floors, the floors will probably start to swell. Likewise the moisture can also cause the paint on wooden surfaces to bubble or peel; particularly if the termites have eaten all of the way up to the paint layer. .
Since these signs are very similar to the signs of general water leaks (since theyre either caused by moisture), make sure that see post you rule out any water flows . If youve determined that water escapes are not the reason, you can inspect further by seeing whether the timber is now hollow.
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You may have noticed we left off termite mounds off this list. Though stereotypical, not all of termite species build mounds. In reality, no North American termite species construct mounds; the ones that do originate mostly in Australia and Africa.
According to the United States Department of Agriculture, termites trigger $40 billion per year in damages globally and are responsible for destroying 600,000 homes in the United States annually. The overall annual cost of termite control and damage repair in the United States is $2 billion. This does not include costs to the military from the Formosan termite (a subterranean species).